By Miquel Porta
This 6th variation of A Dictionary of Epidemiology -- the main up-to-date seeing that its inception -- displays the profound substantial and methodological alterations that experience come to signify epidemiology and its linked disciplines. subsidized by way of the overseas Epidemiological organization, this publication continues to be the fundamental reference for somebody learning or operating in epidemiology, biostatistics, public health and wellbeing, drugs, or the transforming into quantity healthiness sciences during which epidemiologic competency is now required.
More than simply a dictionary, this article is a vital guidebook to the kingdom of the technology. It bargains the most up-tp-date, authoritative definitions of phrases relevant to biomedical and public future health literature -- every little thing from confounding and incidence rate to epigenetic inheritance and Number Needed to Treat. As epidemiology keeps to alter and develop, A Dictionary of Epidemiology will stay its booklet of checklist.
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Extra resources for A Dictionary of Epidemiology
More recently, there has been interest on issues such as the ecology of bacterial communities in normal individuals, on how disruption of that ecology may contribute to disease, or on antimicrobial resistance. bar chart (Syn: bar diagram) A type of graph for presenting discrete data organized in such a way that each observation can fall into one and only one category of the variable. Frequencies are listed along one axis and categories of the variable along the other axis. The frequencies of each group of observations are represented by the lengths of the corresponding bars.
18. Greenland S, ed. Evolution of Epidemiologic Ideas. Annotated Readings on Concepts and Methods. Chestnut Hill, MA: Epidemiology Resources; 1987. 19. Susser M, Stein Z. Eras in Epidemiology. The Evolution of Ideas. New York: Oxford University Press; 2009. 20. Almeida-Filho N. La Ciencia Tímida. Ensayos de Deconstrucción de la Epidemiología. Buenos Aires: Lugar; 2000. 21. Morabia A. A History of Epidemiologic Methods and Concepts. Basel: Birkhäuser / Springer; 2004. 22. Holland WW, Olsen J, du V Florey C, eds.
1,6 See also allocation bias; blinded study. 59 The cumulative biological burden or physiological consequences exacted on the body through repeated attempts to adapt to life’s demands in the environment. 60 Alma-Ata Declaration See health care; health for all; primary health care. alpha error See error, type i. alpha level (Syn: α-level) In statistical hypothesis testing, a prespecified cutoff point α used to judge whether a result is “statistically significant” or not. Typically, if the P value for the test hypothesis is below α (P < α), the result will be declared “statistically significant” and the hypothesis will be rejected.
A Dictionary of Epidemiology by Miquel Porta