Download PDF by Soile Varis, Petrena Barnes, Ari Hakkarainen: A Concise History of Finland: the 11th to the 21th Century

By Soile Varis, Petrena Barnes, Ari Hakkarainen

In 2017, Finland will have fun its one hundredth Independence Day. it's been an extended and turbulent route to prosperity for this Northern eu country, yet this present day, Finland is a strong democracy. This booklet outlines the most important ancient occasions that created the state. the tale of Finland begins from the early heart a while, and takes readers to the recent demanding situations set through globalization.

Geographically positioned among East and West, Finland has been inspired and governed through either cultures. The King of Sweden governed Finland until eventually the early nineteenth century, whilst he misplaced the scarcely inhabited territory to the Czar of Russia. a hundred years in the past, whilst the final Czar was once dethroned, Finland seized the instant, and have become a sovereign nation. It, even if, intended the start of a civil conflict. Later, Finns fought for his or her independence within the moment international War.

History is not approximately wars on my own. The booklet describes how overseas relationships and a powerful president can outline a kingdom for many years. the concept that of Finlandization can nonetheless be a sensitive topic for Finns, however it is an elemental a part of the nation's history.

Today, Finland is the house of a few 5.4 million humans, hundreds of thousands of offended Birds, rock workforce Nightwish and Nokia. Finland is usually popular for its excessive ratings in international college approach comparisons and for its not pricey competitiveness.

A Concise heritage of Finland starts off from 1000-year previous occasions, however the concentration of the ebook is at the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. The ebook is an ideal advisor to Finland's previous for tourists, scholars, company humans, media, and everybody drawn to historical past.

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Extra resources for A Concise History of Finland: the 11th to the 21th Century

Sample text

The Finnish Literature Society and The Saturday Club (Lauantaiseura) were established. The national epic of the Finns, Kalevala, compiled and written by Elias Lönnrot in 1839, strengthened the Finnish people’s faith in their own language and culture. L. Runeberg, represented Finnish people in an ideal light, increasing interest in the peasant culture. V.  The key objective of the Finnish nationalists (known as Fennomans) was to get Finnish adopted as an official language in the country. Snellman introduced a plan that was intended to give birth to the idea of the Finnish culture as unique.

Helsinki Cathedral and the Senate Square were important elements for the image of the new capital. In the early 19th century, Finland's society remained relatively unchanged. Parliament wasn't summoned for decades. After the Congress of Vienna and after Napoleon had been displaced in 1815, a period of reaction dominated the thought of European rulers, who were reluctant to consider new ideas or development. Civil servants governed Finland without the parliament. Censorship, restrictions on travel and control over the university were enforced.

The emperor committed to retaining the status quo in Finland: Lutheran Church, Swedish language, laws, and privileges for the higher classes. The autocratic position of the ruler was retained as well, conveniently for the new ruler. In 1809, at the Hamina peace treaty, Sweden officially gave up Finland. Autonomy Finland was established as a Grand Duchy with its own governance. The Imperial Senate of Finland, Parliament and civil servants formed the governing body. The Imperial Senate of Finland had the highest executive power.

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A Concise History of Finland: the 11th to the 21th Century by Soile Varis, Petrena Barnes, Ari Hakkarainen

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