By John R. Vile
Designed to assist scholars comprehend the structure in all of its attractiveness and subtlety, this e-book introduces key occasions of the founding period, the assertion of Independence, and the lawsuits of the Constitutional conference. The structure and its amendments are explored part by means of part, besides pertinent historic occasions, legislation, and cases.Since the 3rd variation was once released in 2001, we've witnessed one other presidential election, a moment warfare with Iraq, major best proceedings on privateness, the demise penalty, affirmative motion, searches and seizures, and, probably most importantly, a sequence of advancements on the topic of America's reaction to the terrorist assaults of 9-11. additionally, Justice Sandra Day O'Connor has introduced her goal to renounce. This new version encompasses all of those developments.The Fourth version is the 1st to be completely revised in its entirety, instead of purely up to date. The language has been made much more available, rendering this an awesome place to begin for college kids, in addition to new electorate, who could be unusual with constitutional legislation, American politics, or American historical past. these already accustomed to constitutional matters may be in a position to utilize the ebook as a reference advisor to landmarks in constitutional heritage and improvement. each one bankruptcy concludes with a bibliography of key books and circumstances beneficial for extra learn. The e-book contains a word list; the texts of the statement of Independence, Articles of Confederation, and the structure; and a piece on the right way to find instances and comprehend citations. Fifty best circumstances are in short defined. eventually, the e-book contains all-new sections, Highlights in Constitutional heritage and U.S. perfect courtroom Justices.
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Additional info for A Companion to the United States Constitution and Its Amendments, 4th edition
In Federalist No. 10, James Madison argued that a government over such an extended area would better alleviate the perennial problem of faction, or injustice caused by self-interests, than would a small one. He pointed out that the new government the Constitution proposed was not a pure democracy, like classic examples of the past, but rather a republic, or indirect democracy. Such a republic would refine the public view through a system of representation and, by its very size and the varied interests that it therefore embraced, further reduce the possibility that private interest groups could successfully collude against the public interest.
Regardless of size, each state has two senators, each with a single independent vote. The Constitution specified that state legislatures would choose Senators, but the Seventeenth Amendment, which states ratified in 1913, provided for their direct popular election. Whereas all members of the House of Representatives stand for election every two years, only one-third of the Senate seats are contested every two years, since senators serve for terms of six years rather than two. The framers designed this longer term to give the Senate greater stability so that it can oppose rash legislative measures of the House.
Senate Article I, Section 3.  The Senate of the United States shall be composed of two Senators from each State, chosen by the Legislature thereof, for six Years, and each Senator shall have one Vote. Representation, Voting, and Terms Just as Section 2 deals with the lower house, the House of Representatives, Section 3 describes the upper house, the Senate. Whereas the House of Representatives reflects the scheme of representation in the Virginia Plan, the Senate embodies the plan of representation in the Articles of Confederation and the New Jersey Plan.
A Companion to the United States Constitution and Its Amendments, 4th edition by John R. Vile